Preventing Rear-End Crashes

Posted December 23, 2019 by Erin in Featured, News, Risk Management, Transportation | 0 comments

Studies conducted by two Federal agencies reveal sobering facts about rear-end collisions.  The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) found that almost half of all two-vehicle collisions were rear-end crashes which resulted in the deaths of more than 1700 people each year¹.  Many of the crashes analyzed by the NTSB involved one or more commercial motor vehicles (CMV).  The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) discovered that 87 percent of rear-end crashes involved a driver failing to properly respond to the traffic conditions ahead¹.

Prevention of rear-end crashes depends on drivers making sound, well-planned decisions. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) recommends that professional truck drivers faithfully practice the following safe driving principles:

  • Maintain a safe following distance since large trucks take much longer to stop than passenger cars.  One of the most common crash types is when a CMV strikes the vehicle in front of them²
  • Double the following distance in adverse conditions including inclement weather, poor road conditions, low visibility and heavy traffic²
  • Avoid distractions outside of the vehicle including billboards, buildings and people³
  • Do not text or use a handheld electronic device while driving including cell phones, tablets or dispatch devices³
  • Do not read or write while driving including using paper maps³
  • Do not eat or drink while driving³

In addition to observing safe-driving practices, both the NTSB and the NHTSA strongly advocate for the use of available technologies which have proven to be very effective at eliminating or mitigating rear-end crashes. Specific technologies include collision warning systems and autonomous emergency braking. The NTSB further recommends that CMV fleet owners transition to fleet vehicles equipped with such technologies¹.

 

¹Source: https://www.ntsb.gov/safety/safety-alerts/Documents/SA-046.pdf

²Source: https://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/safety/driver-safety/cmv-driving-tips-following-too-closely

³Source: https://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/safety/driver-safety/cmv-driving-tips-driver-distraction

 

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